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Renholdningsselskabet af 1898 og I/S Amagerforbrænding ctr. Konkurrencerådet

Resumé

I 1996 og 1997 var en række restaurationer i Nyhavn ramt af en arbejdskonflikt, der bl.a. medførte at de ikke kunne få afhentet affald. Disse klaget herefter til KFST, idet renovationsselskabet 1898 på den ene side havde eneret til at afhente affald og på den anden side nægtet at afhente hos de konfliktramte restaurationer. Konkurrencerådet fandt, at dette udgjorde en ulovlig leveringsnægtelse, der ikke var fritaget jf. konkurrencelovens § 3, om løn og arbejdsforhold. Konkurrenceankenævnet kunne dog ikke tiltræde dette, og ophævet afgørelsen ved kendelse af 22/12-1997. Ankenævnet lagde vægt på sympatikonflikter måtte antages, at være omfattet af konkurrencelovens § 3.

Myndighed
Ankenævn
Regel
kl § 3
Udfald
Omfattet af kl. § 3
Mødedato

Supermarket Systems SA - Højesterets dom

Resumé

To virksomheder havde indgået en eneforhandlingsaftale, som ikke kunnde forenes med artikel 101 ved bl.a. at have optaget bestemmelser om konkurrenceklausuler efter aftalens ophør. Sagsøgte havde overtrådt klausulen, men gjorde gældende at denne var ugyldig, og derfor ikke kunne håndhæves. Dette blev delvis accepteret af Højesteret, som reduceret erstatningen. Sagen er gengivet i U.1997.856H

Myndighed
Dom
Regel
kl § 6
Udfald
erstatning
Mødedato

Resale Price Maintenance

Resumé

Resale price maintenance (RPM) specifies the final price that retailers charge consumers. This roundtable focused on the use of RPM for books, newspapers and similar cultural products. RPM, like other vertical restraints, may help resolve problems of coordination between upstream and downstream firms and thus may increase their combined profits. Issues in the economics of RPM include eliminating double mark-ups and preventing free-riding and “cream skimming”, while guarding against horizontal collusion and prevention of entry. In the legal treatment of RPM for books and cultural products, views of competition authorities and cultural authorities may conflict. At the time of this roundtable (1997), RPM was generally prohibited in almost all OECD countries, but in many an exemption permitted some form of RPM for books, newspapers and some cultural products (and in some, for medicaments). And some countries have a procedure for authorising RPM case by case. This document comprises proceedings in the original languages of a Roundtable on Resale Price Maintenance which was held by the Committee on Competition Law and Policy in February 1997. It is published as a general distribution document under the responsibility of the Secretary General of the OECD to bring information on this topic to the attention of a wider audience. This compilation is one of several published in a series names “Competition Policy Roundtables”.

Myndighed
OECD
Regel
Rapport
Udfald
Rapport
Mødedato

Application of Competition Policy to High Tech Markets

Resumé

Technological innovation has significant welfare implications. Competitive markets provide incentives to innovate, and innovation can be a catalyst for further competition. But economic analysis provides limited insight into the relationship between competition and the level of research and development effort and between the level of research and development effort and innovation. Innovation markets and future generation product markets are useful concepts when considering high tech markets. Instead of using market share to indicate market power, analysts should consider intellectual property assets, first mover advantages, network effects and open or proprietary standards. Strategic entry deterrence can be an important anti-competitive behaviour. This document comprises proceedings in the original languages of a roundtable on Application of Competition Policy to High Tech Markets which was held by the Committee on Competition Law and Policy in April 1996. It is published as a general distribution document under the responsibility of the Secretary General of the OECD to bring information on this topic to the attention of a wider audience. This is the ninth compilation published in an OECD series named “Competition Policy Roundtables.”

Myndighed
OECD
Regel
Rapport
Udfald
Rapport
Mødedato

Competition Issues Related to Sports

Resumé

Satellite television with dedicated sports channels considerably increased the market for sports broadcasts. Sports bodies and event organisers perceive that they have market power to influence competition among TV channels and the market for sports equipment. Sports federations and leagues have significant powers to regulate the activities of sports professionals. The roundtable has shown the difficulty of reconciling aspects of sport operations that are inherently anti-competitive with competition policy. Four areas of concern were discussed: i) sale of exclusive broadcasting rights

Myndighed
OECD
Regel
Rapport
Udfald
Rapport